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  • How to Wallpaper a Wall

    This article explains with the help of images, how to wallpaper a wall. We discuss everything that you need to know about, materials, tools, maintenance, cleaning and safety equipment. We also answer some of the most frequently asked questions for homeowners looking wallpaper their home.

    how to hang wallpaper

    What Tools Do I Need to Wallpaper a Wall?

    Just moved home? Or maybe you are deciding to redecorate. Wallpaper is the perfect way to add life to a room, whilst completely adjusting the style and overall aesthetic. Before you get started, you will need to collate the following wallpapering tools:

    • Dust Sheet
    • Sponge or Damp Cloth
    • Filling Knife (if required)
    • Sandpaper (if required)
    • Plumb Line
    • Spirit Level
    • Tape Measure
    • Pencil
    • Wallpaper Scissors
    • Bucket
    • Pasting Brush
    • Pasting Table
    • Roller (if pasting the wall)
    • Roller Extension Pole (if pasting the wall)
    • Wallpaper Smoother
    • Wallpaper Hanging Brush
    • Seam Roller
    • Trimming Wheel
    • Retractable Knife
    • Radiator Roller
    • Stepladder (if required)
    • Screwdriver (if papering around a light switch)

    What Safety Equipment Do I Need to Wallpaper a Wall?

    As you are mixing adhesive and using several types of tools, it’s important we highlight the importance of safety during this process.

    You will need to use the following safety equipment:

    • If you are using filler for any cracks, then you will need to wear protective goggles during this process.
    • When you are preparing your surface with sugar soap you will also need to protect your eyes with goggles.
    • If you are sanding down the wall surface, then a dust mask and goggles will be required. We also advise that you keep the room ventilated during this task, to stop any inhalation of dust.
    • When it comes to mixing and applying the adhesive paste, please protect your eyes with goggles and be cautious when using the paste not to make contact with your skin. Should you get any paste on you, please wash this immediately with water.
    • If you are wallpapering around any light sockets, it's vital that you disconnect any power going to the socket first.
    • If your walls are high and require a stepladder, please take extra care and have a person with you in the home should you need their assistance.
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    What Materials Do I Need to Wallpaper a Wall?

    As with any DIY project, you are going to need some materials to get you started.

    Please purchase the following:

    • Wallpaper
    • Paste-the-Wall or Paste-the-Paper Adhesive
    • Sugar Soap
    • Filler (if required)

    Preparing To Wallpaper Your Wall

    The most exciting thing about wallpapering your home is choosing the wallpaper. There seems to be an unlimited amount of styles, patterns, textures and colours at our disposal. We will look into this shortly.

    Once you have chosen your wallpaper, you will need to calculate how much paper you need. To do this measure the width of each of the walls and then divide the total by the width of your wallpaper. This will tell you how many paper ‘drops/hangs’ you need. Measure the height of the room, multiply this by the number of drops previously calculated. This should give you an idea of how much meterage you will need.

    prepare a wall for wallpapering

    Look at the length of the chosen wallpaper roll and divide your total meterage by this. Please be careful as you will need to minus the repeat pattern, (which should be on the packaging). Our top wallpapering tip is to allow for an extra 10% to cover any waste during the process.

    • Start by removing any old paper. You can do this with steam or using hot water to soak any previous paper. Then use a scraper to remove.
    • After the paper has been removed, check your walls for any holes or cracks. You can use filler to fill these. Apply the filler and allow to dry. Then smooth out these areas using sandpaper. We would advise if you are giving the whole room a makeover to paint any doors, ceilings and skirting areas first.
    • Please remove any furniture from your room before beginning. If you cannot do this, cover the furniture with dust sheets. You will need to cover your entire floor area with protective sheeting also.
    • You are now ready to start cleaning your walls. Use a cloth and Sugar Soap and clean the walls. This will remove any dust, dirt and grease.
    • If your surface is newly plastered, then you’ll need to treat the surface with a wall sealant before applying wallpaper.

    Wallpapering a Wall - Step by Step Guide

    Wallpapering a wall, can make a beautiful design focal feature or add to a stylish design in your home. In this step by step guide we will show you, how to put up wallpaper, how to paste the wall, how to paste the wallpaper and finally how to wallpaper around tricky obstacles.

    You should have all the correct tools and materials needed, so let’s look step by step of how to wallpaper your wall:

    Step 1

    Just with any DIY project, it’s important that you thoroughly prepare before carrying out the task in hand. Firstly, you will need to clean the surface using a cloth and Sugar Soap spray, to remove any grease and dirt, then leave this to dry.

    how to wallpaper 1

    If you notice any chips or holes in the wall, consider filling these areas with filler, wait for that to dry. Then sand down to create a smooth, level surface.

    Step 2

    Using a spirit level, mark out a vertical line 500 mm from your starting point. Then measure the drop of your wall and add 100 mm as this will allow for your trimming.

    how to wallpaper 2

    Using this line, cut using wallpaper scissors. If your wallpaper pattern is large, consider where you would like your starting point to be before cutting.

    Step 3

    Following the manufacturer's instructions mix your wallpaper adhesive. Once this is mixed, use a roller to apply the paste directly on to the wall. Remember to only apply this paste to the section you are starting with, not the whole wall.

    how to wallpaper 3

    Take your wallpaper and apply it over the paste, ensuring you adjust the position to match to your original guide mark. Once you are happy with the position, use a brush over the surface of your wallpaper, you could also use a roller. Ensure that you work outwards from the centre of the paper to remove any trapped air bubbles.

    This will leave you with a smooth, flat surface. Once the paper is smooth and you are happy with its positioning, take your retractable knife a trim off any excess paper.

    Step 4

    You’ll then need to repeat the process of trimming and pasting the wallpaper. Please be aware that you will need to match the pattern of the wallpaper up with the piece that is already in place. Smooth out the piece of wallpaper as you did before, removing any trapped air bubbles.

    how to wallpaper 4

    The overlapping pieces of wallpaper will now need firming together. To do this, take a steam roller, applying a small amount of pressure and move up and down the joint to compact together. Then continue using the process until the wall is then completely covered.

    Step 5

    If you are using paste paper wallpaper, prepare, measure and cut as outlined in the previous steps. Following the manufacturer’s guidelines, mix the wallpaper paste. Place your paper faced down on a pasting table. Apply the paste to the wallpaper using a pasting brush, working out from the middle of the paper to the edges.

    how to wallpaper 5

    After the paste has been applied, fold over the wallpaper to create a concertina. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions and allow the paper to soak. Please wash down your table to remove any excess paste, as you want to avoid any damage to the next sheet of wallpaper. Once the paper has been soaked, hang the wallpaper, using the instructions from the previous steps. (3 + 4)

    Step 6

    If you are wallpapering corners, measure the gap between the edge of the wallpaper and the corner from the top, middle and bottom. The reason for this is most corners are not equally square. Then, add 25mm to the longest measurement and mark that onto the paper. You can then cut your paper vertically. Hang the wallpaper, using the same technique described previously. Please ensure you smooth the excess wallpaper into the corner and just beyond to the adjoining wall.

    how to wallpaper 6

    If the distance from the paper to the corner equated to more than half of your wallpaper roll, then use a full width of the roll, don’t cut. Likewise, if your wallpaper does not have a pattern, use a roll width. If not, you’ll need to mark the remaining distance that would be required to complete the width of the roll. Then on the next piece of wallpaper, deduct the 25 mm overhang, as this will help you to align your pattern.

    To continue, you’ll need to measure from the corner and mark out the width of the wallpaper onto the wall. Then use your spirit level to mark a vertical line. Apply your wallpaper so that it overlaps into the corner. Be sure you align the pattern.

    Step 7

    If you are working with an external corner, you will need to wrap the wallpaper around, and then smooth it out using your brush or roller. On your new wall, measure out the width of your wallpaper.

    how to wallpaper 7

    As before, use your spirit level to mark a vertical line as a guide. Then continue to apply the paper, matching the pattern as you go.

    Step 8

    If you are wallpapering around a light socket, for safety reasons, ensure you cut any power to the switch before continuing. Position the wallpaper, as if it were hanging. Using a pencil, mark the points of the four corners of the switch.

    how to wallpaper 8

    You will then need to cut out this area. To do this, create a hole in the centre of the four points, then use scissors to cut diagonally towards the four corner points, and trim off the paper. Ensure you leave a small amount on the edge to create an overlap. Paste the wallpaper as per the instructions previously. Lightly unscrew the socket and use your smoother to feed the paper around the socket. Then re-tighten screws.

    Step 9

    When it comes to wallpapering around radiators, see if you are able to remove the radiator, to allow you to wallpaper as before. If you cannot remove it, you will need to turn it off and allow it to cool.

    how to wallpaper 9

    Hang the wallpaper up to the radiator as you have done previously. Let the paper overhang the radiator by roughly 150 mm, then mark and cut. You’ll need to carefully feed the paper behind the radiator. As best you can, mark the position of the radiator brackets, and cut a slit in the paper to allow for this.

    You can then apply your paste. Using caution, feed the paper behind your radiator and smooth down the paper using a roller. If you have a gap between the radiator and skirting, use the same technique.

    Step 10

    Should the wall have a door frame, please follow this step. Using the same technique as before, paste the paper, and smooth to the wall. You will have an overhang above the door, so smooth out the rest of the paper right up to the door frame. Then mark the top corner of the frame onto the paper.

    how to wallpaper 10

    Using the mark as a guide, take your scissors and cut a diagonal line to the top corner of the frame. You will then need to trim the paper. Ensure that you have an overhang of 60 mm left on your paper.

    Finally, use your roller to smooth out the wallpaper around the frame and trim any excess off using a retractable knife. Then smooth the paper into place.

    What Wallpaper to Use

    Wallpapers have become an increasingly popular design choice for homeowners these days. It is little wonder with the range of versatile styles and materials available to us.

    Over the years the choice of wallpaper material has really opened its doors. So, let’s explore these types of wallpaper a little further:

    Vinyl Wallpaper

    This type of paper seems extremely popular, as it’s so versatile. This paper is simple to install and remove. Another advantage to this product is it’s easy to clean. You’ll find many styles and options available to you, so shop around.

    Solid Sheet Vinyl

    This holds similar qualities to your standard vinyl; however, this wallpaper is usually thicker and often is ‘embossed’ in texture.

    Vinyl Coated Fabric

    This type of paper is quite natural in its texture. Whilst the vinyl coating allows for a degree of protection. If you are looking to decorate your living area or dining room, and want texture to be a key feature, then consider this type of paper.

    Vinyl Coated Paper

    If you are looking for a slightly upgraded version of the previous vinyl types of paper, then this is it. The reason for this is the coating on the paper, which makes this paper ideal for humid rooms, such as bathrooms, kitchens or washrooms.

    vinyl wallpaper

    Non-Woven Wallpaper

    This type of paper is vinyl free. This is perfect if you are concerned about any environmental issues. It also has its perks as it is washable and breathable, which means you needn’t worry about mould. Other perks include: easy to install and remove, the product doesn’t tear easy.

    Easy-Walls wallpaper

    These hold similar qualities to non-woven paper. The paper is PVC and VOC free and the ink used on the surface is all water based. If you are looking for breathable paper which can be cleaned easily, then this could be perfect for your home. A key point about this paper is, in most cases, the paper comes with a pre-applied adhesive, making installation a doddle.

    Pre-Pasted Wallpaper

    This paper is virtually the same as your ‘easy-walls’ qualities. The name refers to the prepasted adhesive on the paper. This adhesive will need to be activated by water to the back of the paper. Please ensure you read the manufacturer's instructions beforehand. It’s important to note that these are considered high-end, so prices will be increasingly higher.

    Grasscloth Wallpaper

    Grasscloth is a highly textured paper, which has been woven with pure natural components. As this wallpaper is so specialised, it can make cleaning the paper a little difficult. To clean, you will need to vacuum and a clean brush.

    Of course, choosing your paper will also depend on pattern, colour, texture to suit each individual’s style needs. Do some research and look online and in magazines for inspiration and ideas. There will certainly be something to suit all.

    Wallpaper Repair

    Wallpaper ages like the best of us, edges can look messy, and tear. Luckily in most cases this can be rectified with repair. If these repair methods don’t fit the criteria, then the only solution is to replace the damaged wallpaper.

    If your paper has some loose edges or a slight tear, then you can re-glue this. To do this, firstly lightly dampen the area and carefully lift the wallpaper from the wall. Get your adhesive and apply a thin layer to the paper. Press this firmly back into place and use a roller to secure. If any adhesive seeps out, wipe with a damp sponge.

    wallpaper repairs

    If your wallpaper seams need resealing, then use the same technique to the seam of the wallpaper.

    Should you need to patch your wallpaper, for example if an area has bad staining or a mark. To repair this, you will need to create a patch of wallpaper. Cut out a square larger than the existing area to be patched. You will need to ensure that your pattern matches. Get some masking tape and attach this to the wall on the specific area. Carefully cut the patch using a retractable knife. You will then need to put the new patch aside. Dampen the old patch and peel it off. You will need to let the area dry before applying a thin layer of adhesive to the new patch. Then carefully place and fix into place.

    How to Clean Wallpaper

    This process can easily be forgotten by the most meticulous cleaners. Your wallpaper can easily attract dirt, so it’s important you know how to clean this correctly. Be sure to consider your type of wall covering with your manufacturers guide first.

    For all wallpapers, you should dust down using a microfibre cloth, every 2-3 months. You could also consider using a vacuum, just ensure the head doesn't have any bristles as this could scratch and mark your paper.

    If you have vinyl or fiberglass wallpaper, then consider washing with soapy water. Use a mixture of warm soapy water, and mix 1/4 dish wash soap. Using a soft sponge, dip it in the water and ring out until lightly damp. You can then wipe down your wallpaper gently. Be careful not to over saturate your sponge as you could damage the paper.

    How to Remove Wallpaper

    Before refreshing the room in question, you will need to prepare the walls by removing any existing wallpaper and learn how to remove woodchip.

    To remove your wallpaper, the easiest way to do this would be to use a steam wallpaper stripper. Fill this with very warm water, when you see steam starting to be released from the plate, you can then apply it to the wall.

    Leave the plate on each area for around 10 seconds until the paper becomes saturated. Then you can begin to peel the paper away. For those stubborn areas, use a stripping knife. Repeat the process until finished.

    When it comes to removing woodchip, you should do this in the same way you would wallpaper.

    If you don’t have access to a steam stripper, find a bucket and fill that with hot water. Use the same technique, apply the sponge onto each section of the paper and dampen. Once damp enough you should be able to use the stripping knife to remove the paper.

    FAQs

    How Long Is A Roll Of Wallpaper?
    Rolls of wallpaper typically measure at 10m long. Each brand and type can differ so it’s always best to check on the individual brands packaging and website first.
    How Wide Is Wallpaper?
    A typical width for wallpaper is usually 535mm wide. Each brand and type can differ so it’s always best to check on the individual brands packaging and website first.
    .
    How Many Rolls Of Wallpaper Do I Need?
    To work out how many rolls of wallpaper you will need, you will need height and width measurements of the wall you are papering. Using an online wallpaper calculator, input your measurements. This will give you an estimate how many rolls of our wallpaper you’ll need. Don’t forget to add an extra 10% to allow for pattern matching and waste.
    How Long Does Wallpaper Take To Dry?
    The time it takes for your wallpaper to dry depends on the adhesive and also the condition of the room itself. The average time for drying is usually between 24-48 hours. Although some may take longer. Please check with your manufacturer's instructions on suggested drying times.
    What Are Wallpaper Batch Numbers For?
    It’s important that when you buy your wallpaper that all the batch numbers for the individual rolls are the same. The reason behind this is, rolls can differ slightly in colouring as they were made at different times. Having the same batch number will ensure continuity throughout.
    Last updated by MyJobQuote on 12th May 2020.

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