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  • How to Build: A Pond

    Building a pond in your garden is not terribly difficult, but there are a number of aspects to consider to avoid making a messy, swampy disaster! To get your garden pond right first time, you need to first establish which type of garden pond you require, then deciding on whether to use a flexible liner or fit a rigid pool.

    The two main types of garden ponds are natural wild life and rigid plastic. Once you have decided on the type of pond you want to install, the next job is to decide on the location and what wildlife, you plan on having in the pond (if any).

    Fish need a healthy mixture of sunshine and shade, but be careful of autumn leaves dropping into the water and decomposing – if they are not cleaned out regularly, these decomposing leaves can lower the oxygen levels and kill the fish. So for shade use evergreen trees and/or provide natural cover for the fish using suitable plants in the pond such as lilies.

    Wild Life Pond

    To build a wild life pond, first mark the outline and remove any turf for future use. The larger the pond the wider the variety of wildlife it can attract, for best results aim for a minimum size of around five square metres. The pool needs to be lined to prevent the water draining away to leave a muddy mess and the area of liner required is twice the pond length and width plus one metre. The hole must be at least 750mm deep at least in some in parts to provide shelter for fish when frozen.

    Liners are easily punctured, so if walking on the liner while laying the pond you should do it barefoot to avoid puncturing the liner as it is pressed into the excavated sides. For the same reason you should also line the hole with soft sand, or use a pond liner which can be bought as underlay or even made up from old blankets and cardboard boxes. you can hold the liner in place temporarily by placing bricks or stones around the overlap on the pool edge.

    Once the pond area has been suitably lined it can then be filled with water,ordinary tap water is fine at this stage as the water can be treated to receive fish at a later stage. Once the pond is filled the weight of the water will keep the liner in place so you cut the liner back leaving around 500mm over the pond edge. You can then place the removed turf over the liner to hide it (or use paving slabs or ornamental rocks).

    Rigid Pond

    If you are installing a rigid pool the process is more difficult because you have to make the excavation match the profile of the pool. The pool edges then need to be paved and any irregular gaps be filled with a weak concrete. if you would rather leave this project to a professional landscape gardener, please use the “Post a Job” page to easily gather free quotes from tradesman in your local area without obligation.

    Last updated by MyJobQuote on 29th May 2014.

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